on the 3rd Nights
Treaty of Kanagawa
The U. S. navy, under Commodore Perry essentially bullied Japan into ending sakoku. The Treaty of Kanagawa, signed in March, 1854, gave the U.S. right of access to the ports Hakodate and Shimoda, and empowered it to establish a consolidate in Shimoda in 1855 [more about the latter condition later. See Harootunian, "America's Japan/Japan's Japan"
Treaty signed between US Commodore Perry and Roju Abe Masahiro of Edo shogunate in March 1854 at Kanagawa near Tokyo. It forced Japan to give up 200 year old national seclusion policy (Sakoku). The main provisions are the opening of 2 harbors, Hakodate and Shimoda, for American ships and an establishment of US consulate in the latter town. Kanagawa being now completely absorbed by Yokoham City, you can call it "Treaty of Yokohama". Civil War erupted in many battles with various leaders through-out Japan.
1860, Mar 24 (7:30A.M.)
Ii Naosuke was assassinated by former Mito samurai
May 17 The first Japanese embassy to the United States exchanged commercial treaty ratifications in Washington.
Meiji Restoration 1868 (5PM)
Loyalists to the Tokugawa shogunate protested the lifting of Sakoku. Battles ensued, but in January 1868 the Tokugawa regimes was brought down. The Emperor was "restored" to power and placed in a new capital, Edo, renamed Tokyo.
Sainen Rebellion (1877)
Rebellion led by one of the proponents of the Meiji Restoration, Saigo Takamori, who had earlier campaigned for the colonization of Korea. Takamori committed suicide when Rebellion failed. The events leading to this moment are the subject of The Last Samurai movie.
In Other 3rd Night News
1854, the Underground Railroad
was transporting slaves from the South to safety in the North, the Gold Rush in California was still rushing and a cholera pandemic had gripped the nation. It was at this time that the Crimean war began and ran for two years.
War for “Bleeding Kansas.” The opening of Kansas to settlement under the Douglas doctrine of popular sovereignty precipitated a mad scramble for control between proslavery and free-soil elements. In April 1854 the New England Emigrant Aid Society was formed to colonize free-soilers in Kansas. This aroused the proslavery people. Border ruffians from Missouri interfered in elections in Kansas. A proslavery element attacked the town of Lawrence, and in return John Brown (1800–59) staged the massacre at Pottawatomie Creek (May 24, 1856). The Lecompton constitution was formed by proslavery forces, but was denounced by Douglas as a fraud upon the people of Kansas and a violation of the popular sovereignty doctrine. This led to a break between Douglas and James Buchanan.
1857 Marked the beginning of the laying of the transatlantic cable and at this time the Dread Scott decision was made that stated, “black” persons cannot be US citizens.
Also the Indian mutiny against British rule began with the siege of Delhi.
1858, India Bill frees the continent of India from English rule.
1859, Darwin publishes his origin of species, the first oil well is drilled at, powers of East India Company are transferred to British crown, Dickens publishes a tale of two cities, the first practical battery was invented, the first experiments with spectrum analysis and work on the Suez Canal began.
1860 Abraham Lincoln elected 16th president of the US, the rifling of gun barrels was invented and the first primitive typewriter was invented.
1861 April 12 outbreak of the Civil War at Fort Sumner, Warsaw, massacre occurs as troops fire at demonstrators against Russian aristocracies rule, the Apache Nation declares war on United States and Dickens publishes “ Great Expectations".
1862, Various battles in the Civil War, first measurement of the speed of light,
John LeMond discovers Earth currents.
1863, President Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, US Congress established free city mail delivery across America, Meteorology is born, the science of metallurgy is begun and the first open-hearth steel furnace is created.
1864, Confederate agents attempt to burn down New York City, Austria and pressure invaded Denmark, Abraham Lincoln reelected president of United States, massacre of the Cheyenne and Arapahoe Indians at Sand Creek Colorado, Louis Pasteur invents pasteurization (of wine),” In God We trust” first appears on US coins.
1865, April 14 Abraham Lincoln assassinated, US Civil War in his May 26, 13th amendment to the US Constitution abolished slavery, Transatlantic cable completed, the first world pipeline is laid for 6 mi. in Pennsylvania test your succeeds in curing soap arm disease saving the French silk industry, " a founded first railroad sleeping cars designed by George Pullman first train hold up to North Bend Ohio and the first carpet sweepers come into use.
1866, Italy and Prussia in alliance against Austria declared war, the 14th amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibits voting discrimination and denies government office to certain Civil War rebels, the general laws of biogenetics” General Morphology" were published by Ernst Haeckel, Alfred Nobel invents dynamite and Black Friday occurred on the London Stock exchange. Black Friday was a deep depression.
1867, outbreaks of violence amongst the Irish, Maximilian is executed, Russia sells Alaska to the US for $7,200,000 the blue Danube was written by Johann Strauss, scientists living stone explores the Congo, reinforced concrete invented and diamonds discovered in South Africa.
1868, revolution in Spain clean Isabella is deposed. US President Johnson is impeached but acquitted by by the U.S. Senate, the skeleton of Crow Magnin man is first discovered, the Antarctic is first explored and the first recorded by civil rights was held Parc de St. Cloud to Paris.
1869, Mahatma Gandhi,the Indian nationalist leader is born, the parliamentary system is reintroduced in France, US national prohibition party is formed in Chicago, Red River rebellion in Canada, the first formulation of periodic law for the classification of the elements, debtors prisons are abolished in Britain and the famous clipper ship Cutty Sark is launched.
1870, the Franco Prussian war begins, revolt in Paris and proclamation of the third Republic, Italians into Roman name it their capital city, the first Vatican Council promulgated the dogma of Papl infallibility, Huxley develops the theory of biogenetics and John D. Rockefeller founds Standard Oil Company.
1871, British act of Parliament legalize his labor unions, Jehovah Witnesses were founded, G. A. Hansen discovers the cause of leprosy, bank holidays introduced in England PT Barnum opens his circus the greatest show on Earth, the great fire happens in Chicago, Stanley needs living stone and the first large modern luxury liner is launched.
1872, Civil War breaks out in Spain, the Jesuits are expelled from Germany, Addison affects the duplex telegraph, the first international Hague conference, and Westinghouse for affects the first automatic railroad air break.
1873, financial panic Indiana, abolition of slave markets and exports from Zanzibar, Germans evacuate France, famine in Bengal, India, Maxwell, electricity and magnetism, color photographs first developed, Remington arms manufacturers begins to produce typewriters, Germany adopts the mark as its unit of currency and Vienna displays the first world exhibition.
So there are my notes on the 3rd Nights. It is hoped that others who have an interest will pick up this ball and start to bounce it. There is so much to research of world history that frankly, I need the help. In any area you may be interested, let's go ahead and dig up what has happened on this planet in each hour of the Planetary Cycle so that we may apply that insight to predicting events not only during the 3rd Night but for the 4th Day/Night, 5th Day/Night and so on. The dates of all of the beginnings of the days and nights will be displayed on our web page at the learning center. It is important when doing the research to understand that these are natural cycles, not a mathematically timed sequence of impetus and events. Mother nature and creation are more elastic then a Time clock can be. So you should expect slight deviations in the timing of events coming to pass. Do not think of this as a crystal ball but recognize it as a roadmap of time and event. You may not know exactly when you will arrive at your destination or a landmark but with a map you know where you're going and approximately how long it will take to get there.
Let the adventure begin!
And thank you for your time and attention.
I know they are precious.
Mayan Calendar - Mayan Calendar page about
and use Mayan Calendars, Mayan calendar products.